Beware of sudden death in the early morning!
Howling to sleep?
Beware of sudden death in the early morning!
The snoring sounded like a thunder in the middle of the night, and then suddenly stopped; the snoring resumed, and then stopped . half of the obese middle-aged men in developing countries would have the above phenomenon.
According to experts, this is the outstanding manifestation of apnea syndrome, which is more common in men with excess nutrition, overweight, and lack of exercise.
Attack the people around you to sleep, and you will be tired after waking up. The most terrible thing is that the disease can cause cardiovascular accidents and even lead to sudden death in the early morning.
Experts say that 95% of the population can effectively relieve symptoms or cure through changes in daily behaviors such as quitting smoking and alcohol or using clinical treatments such as surgery and ventilator.
36-year-old A Jian works technically in the Guangzhou Army Workshop. His body type is obese and he is still a bachelor.
Although honest and honest, he did not recruit workers and girls to “see”, basically because of his severe snoring.
Snoring loudly during sleep has invaded Ajian for more than 10 years.
He introduced himself that he soon began to snore after joining the job. He didn’t know it, but the co-workers who lived there had a lot of opinions, saying that he was so loud that “noise” was so loud that everyone couldn’t fall asleep.He goes.
And after the snoring serious reputation “far away”, many girls are reluctant to associate with him.
A Jian said that the snoring itself was not hindered in the early years, but he gradually felt his health began to go downhill. “In the morning, my throat is thirsty, and my head is dizzy and headache. Although I have been sleeping for a long time, I always have nightmares and wake up.Still sleepy.
He said that after going to work in the morning, he could fall asleep as long as there was a place to rely on him. He was sluggish all day, and his work was easily disturbed. He could not concentrate on operating the machine when he was working at night, and sometimes he fell asleep even during the start-up process.
A Jian participated in the physical examination of the unit this year and found that his blood pressure was as high as 160 / 100mmg, and he hurried to the hospital for examination.
After conducting polysomnography, the results reported her combined severe two-way sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome.
Admissions expert, Professor Zhang Xiangmin, Department of Otolaryngology, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, underwent bilateral inferior turbinate radiofrequency ablation, bilateral tonsillectomy and palatopharyngoplasty, and he also implanted a soft palate titanium plate supportSurgery.
Gradually, A Jian recovered well, and a series of symptoms such as snoring had alleviated significantly.
The incidence of obese middle-aged men is more than 50%. Zhang Xiangmin said, “People generally think that sleep snoring (commonly known as snoring) is a manifestation of sound sleep, but it is not true.
Snoring in sleep means that there is a contraction of the airway. When the breathing air flow passes a certain length, turbulence is generated, causing the soft tissue to make a sound.
“Take A Jian as an example. When he was admitted to the hospital, his weight and height index was very high. He was only 162 centimeters tall and weighed more than 90 kilograms. He belongs to the obese population and is a high-risk group for this disease.
Zhang Xiangmin introduced.
He pointed out that with the continuous improvement of people’s living standards, the incidence of apnea syndrome has also become higher and higher, which has caused widespread concern in the medical community at home and abroad.
According to the latest statistics abroad, the complication of apnea syndrome is corrected by 10% in men and 5% in women. There are no prompt epidemiological data in China, but there are data suggesting a total incidence of 4%, especially in obesity.Among middle-aged men, the incidence of apnea syndrome is more than 50%.
“This may be related to good nutrition in the urban population and less exercise, which can lead to excessive muscle relaxation in the throat area.
He said that normal people may snoring occasionally due to soft palate and tongue muscle relaxation after drinking or excessive fatigue and deep sleep, which is physiological.
Increased snoring affects companion sleep.
If snoring is further exacerbated and double airway apnea is present, it may seriously endanger health.
Experts explain that apnea syndrome is mainly a sleep apnea disease with clinical features of snoring and apnea caused by muscle relaxation that keeps the upper airway open during sleep and airway collapse traps.
According to reports, one hour of sleep, there are more than 5 pauses greater than 10 seconds, or 7 hours of sleep, the pause greater than 10 seconds is about 30 times, which is sleep apnea syndrome.
Zhang Xiangmin said that the main harm of the disease is the continuous emergence of sleep apnea and hypoventilation, which leads to a decrease in blood oxygen saturation during long-term sleep, which causes a series of changes in human endocrine and eventually causes hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and cerebral blood vesselsUnexpected etc.
Recent studies have shown that snoring and apnea are independent causes of cerebrovascular disease and are one of the main causes.
At the same time, people with apnea syndrome are particularly prone to traffic accidents due to daytime sleepiness.
“Someone may even cause sudden death in the early morning.
“Experts said that those who had nocturnal apnea longer than 120 seconds were prone to sudden death in the early hours of the morning.
Daily treatment of side sleep, quit smoking and alcohol Zhang Xiangmin introduced that the currently preferred treatment for apnea syndrome is positive airway pressure ventilation, commonly known as ventilator therapy.
According to foreign data, the effectiveness of this treatment has reached more than 80%.
“But because the patient needs a ventilator to sleep, it is difficult to adapt to sleep, and the long-term compliance is less than 50%, and because the therapy cannot correct the patient’s upper airway complications, surgery is still an important means of treating this disease.
Zhang Xiangmin said that there are many surgical methods, and specific plans need to be formulated individually according to the patient’s condition.Usually different surgical methods are replaced according to the different parts of the upper airway.
In addition to clinical treatment, experts remind that patients can alleviate the severe snoring through various behavioral habits in daily life.
“Some people can effectively correct snoring by adopting the side-lying position and avoiding supine; try not to drink alcohol, do not drink strong tea, coffee before going to bed, because these factors will increase the throat area and muscle relaxation, which will make the airway smaller, snoring moreSevere; other drugs that patients should temporarily stop during the treatment stage, such as sedatives, sleeping pills and anti-allergic drugs, may make the breathing shallow and slow, causing muscles to be shorter than usual, and causing the respiratory soft tissue to easily block the airway;It is very important to exercise to lose weight. At the same time of losing weight, the lung capacity increases, which will help relieve the snoring symptoms.
Zhang Xiangmin said.
Experts, snorers should stop smoking immediately if they smoke, because smoking causes irritation of the nasal mucosa, which causes nasopharyngeal obstruction and worsens apnea syndrome.
In addition, snorers should prevent colds and treat nasal insertion diseases in a timely manner.
Multiple signs indicate: suffering from apnea syndrome According to reports, if snoring at night is accompanied by the following signs, the body is suffering from the disease and should be treated as soon as possible: open your mouth to breathe, temporarily stop breathing; sleep repeatedly awakening, sleep notNing, induces seizures; sleeplessness, drowsiness during the day, drowsiness; increased blood pressure after waking; light sleep, headache after waking; night sleep angina pectoris, heart rhythm disturbance; nocturnal sleep enuresis, increased nocturia; memory loss, unresponsiveness, Work and learning ability decreased; daytime seems to sleep but not sleep, work, participate, sleep difficult to suppress when eating; impotence, decreased libido; Alzheimer’s.